ERIC Number: ED311002
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Pathways to Change: Improving the Quality of Education in Developing Countries. World Bank Discussion Papers 53.
A review of 21 educational change programs supported by 42 World Bank-assisted projects found that the most successful programs have a different profile than the less successful programs. The former aimed at comprehensive change, encompassing a wide range of objectives including administrative and management training and the provision of educational materials as well as the usual curriculum and teacher training components. Most importantly, they adopted an implementation strategy that was congruent with political and economic factors and with the program's objectives. Three factors were found especially critical for successfully implementing educational reform programs: (1) administrative development to strengthen institutions and organizational structure, including the development of innovative management; (2) significant components for in-service teacher training; and (3) strategies to gain the commitment of implementors, external agencies, and government authorities. The number of children enrolled in schools throughout the developing world has grown substantially. This growth has stretched available managerial, professional, and financial resources beyond the limits of effectiveness. Providing pupils with quality education may overtake providing access to schools as the main goal in educational development in the coming years. The document includes tables, summaries of the 21 programs studied, and a 56-item bibliography. (Author/JB)
Descriptors: Case Studies, Comparative Analysis, Developing Nations, Education, Educational Change, Educational Development, Educational Finance, Educational Improvement, Educational Quality, Financial Support, Foreign Countries, International Organizations, Program Development, Program Effectiveness, Program Implementation, Teacher Education
World Bank Publications, 1818 H Street N.W., Washington, DC 20433 ($11.95).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: World Bank, Washington, DC.