ERIC Number: ED310931
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Hierarchical Problem Solving as a Means of Promoting Expertise.
Mestre, Jose; And Others
This paper reports on the effects of structuring problem solving activities of novices in the domain of physics in a way consistent with the problem solving approaches used by experts. A total of 42 undergraduate students who completed a first semester physics course and received a grade of B or better participated in this study. The treatment involved five 1-hour sessions during which subjects solved a total of 25 classical mechanics problems using a hierarchical, computer-based, problem-analysis environment called the Hierarchical Analysis Tool (HAT). Two types of tasks were administered before and after treatment: (1) a problem-categorization task; and (2) a problem-solving task. The results indicate that the hierarchical approach to problem solving as exemplified by the HAT helped students to shift their decision-making criteria for problem categorization from one based on surface features toward one based on deep structure. Two implications from this study were discussed. Twelve references are listed. (YP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
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