ERIC Number: ED310854
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Behavioral Referents of Presented Self-Esteem in Young Children.
In two studies which were designed to identify behavioral manifestations of self-esteem, experienced teachers were asked to perform a criterion sort of an 84-item behavioral Q-set, with high and low self-esteem as the criteria. Aims included: (1) identification of classroom behaviors of preschool children associated with self-esteem; (2) application of common referents to the development of a behavioral rating measure; and (3) identification of defining features of presented self-esteem and of its ability to discriminate self-esteem and related personality constructs. Results provided evidence of a high level of agreement about common referents to the term "self-esteem." Items selected as criteria for presented self-esteem were analyzed for conceptual groups, and several dimensions were identified. Referents to self-esteem in preschoolers were unlike those for older subjects. Confidence was a central theme, but competence was not. Findings also suggested that high and low self-esteem were not simple opposites. High self-esteem was associated with confident approach, and the behavior was associated with secure attachment. In contrast, low self-esteem was associated with negative social interactions. Findings led to the development of a behavior rating scale for use in indexing presented self-esteem. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Kansas City, MO, April 27-30, 1989).