ERIC Number: ED310844
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
When is a Schema not a Schema? The Case of Gender Schema.
Levy, Gary D.
Because schemas are often defined imprecisely and intuitively, the term "schema" is often misapplied in research. Consequently, researchers may fail to understand the complete scope of the phenomenon they are studying. Discussions of children's gender schema development and the influence of the gender schema on children's social information processing are adversely affected by such ambiguity. Gender schema approaches contain two primary, interrelated views of schema: (1) a knowledge-based approach predominantly concerned with developmental changes in children's amount and type of gender-based knowledge; and (2) a process-based approach mostly concerned with how, when, and why children's gender-based knowledge and attitudes influence their encoding, retrieval, and storage of gender-relevant information. Research has shown that although children's amount of gender-based knowledge consistently increases through early childhood, older children demonstrate substantial individual differences in their use of the gender dimension to classify and organize social information. It is unclear how the knowledge and application of gender schema are related. But research strongly suggests that gender schema and gender-role development do not constitute a unitary construct. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A