ERIC Number: ED310822
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
The Invisible Campus: Off-Campus and Out-of-District Instruction in Missouri, Fiscal Year 1988.
McManis, Michael A.; And Others
A study was conducted to examine the delivery of off-campus and out-of-district instruction in Missouri during fiscal year (FY) 1988. For the purposes of the study, "off-campus" referred to those courses offered by a four-year college at a location other than its principal campus, and "out-of-district" referred to courses offered by public two-year colleges beyond their district boundaries. Although the state has a policy framework that conceptually addresses questions of need, resource utilization, institutional mission, and quality programming, there are few constraints on out-of-district and off-campus programming beyond those imposed by the colleges themselves. Study findings, based on the FY 1988 annual out-of-district course survey of two-year colleges, as well as a special survey of four-year institutions, included the following: (1) between 1979 and 1988, course offerings increased 746.8% and enrollment increased 517.4%; (2) nearly 40% of the 440 sites where courses were offered had no laboratories, libraries, advising/counseling services, or other instructional support resources; (3) public four-year institutions used regular faculty for 51.9% of their courses, while public two-year colleges and independent institutions used regular faculty for only 8.6% of their classes; (4) at least some off-campus or out-of-district courses were offered for college credit in 82 of Missouri's 114 counties; (5) while two-year colleges tended to operate within their district or in areas adjacent to it, four-year public and independent colleges operated at a combined total of 122 sites located at least 100 miles from the main campus; and (6) for most of the public institutions, out-of-district and off-campus instruction provided a surplus of funds, although most institutions also had individual sites reporting deficits. Based on study findings, it was concluded that most Missouri citizens had reasonable access to postsecondary education, that issues of efficiency were not necessarily adequately considered in off-campus programming, and that research on quality control was needed. Recommendations, survey instruments and data are included. (JMC)
Descriptors: Access to Education, College Faculty, Community Colleges, Delivery Systems, Educational Finance, Enrollment Trends, Extension Education, Financial Policy, Higher Education, Off Campus Facilities, Outreach Programs, Private Colleges, Program Effectiveness, Public Colleges, Public Policy, Questionnaires, State Colleges, State Surveys, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Missouri Coordinating Board for Higher Education, Jefferson City.
Identifiers - Location: Missouri