ERIC Number: ED310821
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Challenges and Opportunities: Minorities in Missouri Higher Education.
Wittstruck, John R.; And Others
An overview is provided of the issues related to the participation and retention of minorities in higher education in Missouri and the nation. Part I argues that significant interventions are needed to increase minority enrollment in postsecondary education in order to avert serious social and economic consequences. This section cites demographic, educational, and labor market trends that support this contention and presents the Missouri State Higher Education Executive Officers' recommendations regarding necessary interventions. Part II offers birth rate and college-age population projections by racial/ethnic group for the years 1990 to 2050, emphasizing the rapid growth of the minority population in the United States, especially within the traditional college-age group. Part III examines national and statewide enrollment and retention trends among minorities, stressing that past gains in minority participation in higher education, both as students and faculty, have eroded at a precipitous rate. Drawing from a review of the literature, part IV highlights state policies and exemplary institutional programs and strategies for recruiting minorities and improving their retention in higher education. Finally, part V identifies the types of databases that will be needed by educators to develop intervention strategies for improving minority participation; highlights five areas in which comprehensive needs assessments should be conducted; and suggests the development of several types of programs focusing on outreach, articulation, testing, remediation, work-study, financial aid, and faculty recruitment. The appended paper, "Trends and Issues of Minority Participation in American Higher Education," examines high school graduation and college participation rates, the transition from high school to college, minority enrollment in undergraduate and postgraduate education, community college transfers, recruitment and retention in four-year institutions, minority faculty role models, campus climate, institutional support services, and faculty recruitment and retention trends. (JMC)
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Access to Education, Affirmative Action, Age, Black Students, College Bound Students, College Transfer Students, Community Colleges, Demography, Enrollment Trends, High School Students, Higher Education, Minority Groups, Policy Formation, Population Trends, School Holding Power, State Surveys, Statewide Planning, Student Attrition, Student Recruitment, Teacher Recruitment
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Missouri Coordinating Board for Higher Education, Jefferson City.
Identifiers - Location: Missouri