ERIC Number: ED310770
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Expert Systems: Concepts and Applications. Advances in Library Information Technology, Issue Number 1.
Fenly, Charles; Harris, Howard
The Processing Services department of the Library of Congress initiated a project to learn about expert systems technology and to examine potential applications of expert systems to functions in their department, e.g., acquisitions, cataloging, and serials control. (An expert system is defined as an artificial intelligence computer program which uses knowledge and inference to address problems that human experts would normally solve in a particular domain of expertise.) The project and this report consist of two parts. Focusing on expert systems technology, the first part includes information gathered through a literature review to develop a working understanding of the concepts of expert systems, and includes sections on artificial intelligence; the characteristics of expert systems; uses of expert systems, including a discussion of applications in librarianship; how expert systems function; and the process and tools for developing expert systems. The second part reports on a study of the feasibility of using expert systems for technical processing in the Library of Congress, which collected data through a series of interviews and onsite visits to determine potential candidates for the application of expert systems technology. The report includes discussions of: (1) the methodology used; (2) the characteristics of a suitable expert system domain; (3) potential applications, i.e., shelflisting assistant, series consultant, and subject cataloging consultant; and (4) operations that were ruled out as potential applications areas, i.e., cataloging in publication, decimal classification, descriptive cataloging, National Union Catalog (NUC), exchange and gift work, ordering, overseas operations, and serials management. (24 references) (SD)
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Computer System Design, Expert Systems, Feasibility Studies, Library Automation, Library Technical Processes, Literature Reviews, National Libraries, Technological Advancement
Cataloging Distribution Service, Library of Congress, Washington, DC 20541.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Library of Congress, Washington, DC.