ERIC Number: ED310731
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Recent Studies on the Cost-Effectiveness of Military Training in TTCP Countries.
Fletcher, J. D.; Orlansky, Jesse
This report summarizes 22 recent empirical studies on the cost-effectiveness of military training reported by countries that participate in The Technical Cooperation Program (TTCP), i.e., Australia, Canada, New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. A discussion of the methodology used to summarize the studies is followed by a description of the results and conclusions about the effectiveness, costs, and cost-effectiveness of the types of training that were investigated. The studies show an almost exclusive interest in simulation that extends from full-task, highly realistic simulators to part-task, lower cost simulators. The data show that simulator-based training is effective in developing performance proficiency; some transfer from simulator-based training to performance on actual equipment occurred in every case. Speed of performance was initially slower on maintenance tasks for simulator-trained students than for those trained with actual equipment. As expected, simulator training was found to cost less than training with actual equipment. The types of cost and effectiveness data collected in these studies do not permit an examination of trade-offs between cost and effectiveness. Future studies of training should examine functional relationships between effectiveness and cost and include sensitivity analyses of key variables that determine the cost-effectiveness of alternative training approaches. (27 references and 5 tables) (Author/GL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Institute for Defense Analysis, Arlington, VA.
Identifiers - Location: Australia; Canada; New Zealand; United Kingdom; United States