ERIC Number: ED310652
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1983
Program Reviews, Inputs and Outcomes NCHEMS Monograph 5.
Ewell, Peter T.
The characteristics of an effective program review, and the different ways in which a program review can go wrong, are discussed. The three characteristics of an effective program review are that it is systematic, regular, and comprehensive. The dimensions of each of these characteristics are discussed, as is the "art" of program review, a process that involves judgments about available data. Program reviews can go wrong in three ways: in the use of data; in the conduct of reviews; and in whether, and how, the results are used. The fallacies involved in each of these three areas are discussed, for example, the "single indicator fallacy," the "perfect data fallacy," and several kinds of false assumptions and comparisons. Also discussed is the question of how a program review can focus on educational outcomes rather than more traditional measures of inputs and efficiency. Three dimensions of the assessment of outcomes are explored: knowledge, skills, and attitudes. The primary value of an outcomes approach is considered to be its focus on the goals of higher education. (KM)
Descriptors: College Administration, College Planning, Educational Objectives, Evaluation Methods, Higher Education, Institutional Evaluation, Outcomes of Education, Program Evaluation, Self Evaluation (Groups)
NCHEMS Publications, P.O. Drawer P, Boulder, CO 80302-9752 ($7.00).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Center for Higher Education Management Systems, Boulder, CO.