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ERIC Number: ED310622
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987-Oct
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Variation in Second Language Phonology.
Major, Roy C.
A study investigated variations in five native Japanese-speakers' consonant patterns in English as a Second Language. The eight phonological segments considered were English consonant clusters and final consonants. Subjects listened to a recording of a text by a native English-speaker and then read the text aloud five times. A similar procedure was followed for a word list. Subsequently, an informal conversation between the subject and researcher was recorded. Error patterns were analyzed, making a distinction between errors due to interference and errors due to developmental factors. Systematic patterns of variation were found in the segments studied, conforming to predictions on order of acquisition based on native language transfer and universal grammar theory. Both positive and negative transfer were evident. It is concluded that in second language acquisition there is a systematic relationship between variability, language style, and transfer and developmental factors. It is further suggested that while variability is a function of style, the amount of variability may depend on the speaker's proficiency. In general, accuracy increased with formality, with both transfer and developmental processes affecting devoicing significantly. Eight figures and a bibliography are included. (MSE)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A