ERIC Number: ED310578
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Stress and Supports to Families with a Handicapped Child [and] Adjustment of Families with Handicapped Children.
McDonald, Linda; And Others
The paper explores the impact of child variables, parent variables, and family resources (professional and informal supports) on the family's ability to cope with a child with special needs. Child variables include child gender, birth order, severity of handicap, degree of child dependency, extent of attachment, age of the child, and presence of behavior and social problems. Parent variables identified are education level, socio-economic status, parental attitudes toward their child's development and special needs, parental age and family size, number of parents in the home, and type and quality of personal and professional supports. Professional supports such as early intervention programs may decrease or increase parental stress. Informal support from family members or friends is related to low levels of parental stress. A model of family adaptation called the "T-Double ABCX Model of Family Adjustment and Adaptation" is discussed. The model identifies a pre-crisis adjustment phase, which is concerned with existing family types, strengths, and capabilities. The adaptation phase of the model concerns the family's ability to adapt to the crisis situation. The model looks at both the demands facing the family as well as the family's strengths and capabilities for meeting those demands. (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Baine, David, Ed.; And Others. Alternative Futures for the Education of Students with Severe Disabilities (Edmonton, Canada, May 6-8, 1987). For proceedings, see EC 220 763; for other selected papers, see ED 220 764-781.