ERIC Number: ED310564
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Ecological Inventories and Curriculum Development for Special Education in Developing Countries.
The paper describes common problems associated with special education curricula used in developing countries. Some of the problems are: (1) an emphasis on rote recall rather than comprehension and application of knowledge; (2) a focus on academic rather than functional skill training; (3) the teaching of generic, readiness, and preacademic skills rather than direct instruction of skills in the form in which they are or will be required in common daily tasks. Recommendations include: development of basic needs curricula founded on an analysis of the social, cultural, economic, and geographic characteristics of the students' environments; the development of curricula based on the analysis of both current and future needs in the students' environments; and the integration of academic and practical skill training. The paper also discusses step-by-step procedures for using ecological inventories to develop curricula that incorporate these recommendations. These curricula are ecologically valid for contemporary and future urban and rural environments in various developing countries. (Author/DB)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Baine, David, Ed.; And Others. Alternative Futures for the Education of Students with Severe Disabilities (Edmonton, Canada, May 6-8, 1987). For proceedings, see EC 220 763; for other selected papers, see ED 220 764-782.