ERIC Number: ED310551
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
EIA: Educational Reform or Repression?
Monteith, Dianne S.
A recent study (Cook, 1989) involving 58 randomly selected South Carolina elementary schools indicated that none of these schools could be characterized as having an "open climate." This paper suggests that this situation may have its origins in the educational reform movement of the 1980s, first ignited by the publication of "A Nation at Risk" (1983). South Carolina's attempt to improve the quality problem was the passage by the South Carolina State Legislature of the Educational Improvement Act (EIA) in 1984; this act was amended in 1985 and again in 1986. Described are EIA prescriptions as well as resulting actions against schools whose performance does not meet the prescribed level. Whether or not the "closedness" of South Carolina elementary schools is one direct effect of the comprehensive EIA mandates is uncertain. However, there is little doubt that any bureaucratic structure characterized by top-down decision-making, such as the one that exists in education in South Carolina, discourages participation, flexibility, and need satisfaction. At present, apathy and rigidity seem to characterize a great majority of elementary schools in the state. (18 references) (SI)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: South Carolina