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ERIC Number: ED310474
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
Pages: 70
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Cultural and Intellectual Foundations of 20th Century American Photography.
Brecheen-Kirkton, R. Kent
In order to discover how the photographic medium has been conceptualized, a study examined all books published in the United States from 1902 to 1960 which are part of the intellectual response to photography and a sample of the periodicals which concern themselves with photography. A critical review of the literature combined with Q methodology resulted in the identification of four "schools": (1) the positivists, who carry forth the tradition of most nineteenth century photographers, using photography as a means of reporting events; (2) the ontologists, who view photography as a medium of expression in the tradition of the visual arts; (3) the existentialists, who stress the relationship between the photographer and the medium; and (4) the expressionists, who concern themselves with using the medium symbolically or metaphorically. (Two tables of data, one figure, and 68 footnotes are included; statements used in the Q-sort and statements with the highest and lowest Z-scores are attached.) (RS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses; Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A