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ERIC Number: ED310426
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Frame of Reference: Communicating with Understanding. Essay and Exercises.
Markham, Reed
Each individual views the world from a frame of reference that is unique and personal. Messages are perceived in three steps: (1) data is selected data; (2) information is organized in some meaningful way; and (3) the information is interpreted. Three activities (paperfolding, T-puzzle, and cooperative geometry) were devised to display the need for clear communication between the sender and the receiver. All three activities demonstrate that framing for understanding, and understanding others' frames is absolutely necessary for effective communication. Non-verbal communication can also be understood or misunderstood, and varies according to cultural, ethnic and sexual orientation. By definition, communication is the transmission or exchange of ideas or information. In communication, the transactions between individuals are affected in varied degrees by the dominant ego states (parent, adult, child). A balance between these ego states makes for a healthy person with whom productive communication can take place. (T-puzzle pieces and the cooperative geometry design are attached.) (MG)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A