ERIC Number: ED310425
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Teaching Children To Write: Informational Writing. Research Report.
Knudson, Ruth E.
A study was conducted to test the effectiveness of four instructional strategies on students' writing. Students, 138 fourth, sixth, and eighth graders in a semi-rural school district in southern California, were instructed in informational writing through one of four instructional strategies: (1) presentation of model pieces of writing; (2) presentation of scales, questions, and criteria to guide writing; (3) presentation of both model pieces of writing and scales, questions, and criteria; and (4) free writing. The assessment included two scoring procedures, a holistic and an analytical evaluation. An unexpected finding of the study was the effectiveness of free writing, especially with below-average readers. Children reported that their problems in composition were mainly problems of finding content for the text they generate, not of finding language to express the content. A picture prompt helped provide the content for the free writing activities and the students developed general fluency in writing. Such an opportunity to write may increase their awareness of text production from sentence level to text level. (One table of data and 19 references are attached.) (MG)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: National Assessment of Educational Progress