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ERIC Number: ED310421
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987-Nov
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Reading, Writing, and Thinking: The Work of Eloise Greenfield and the Development of Critical Thinking Skills.
Gmuca, Jacqueline L.
The process of introducing students to alternative approaches and giving them the opportunity to debate their views about a work in order to develop critical thinking skills can start in the elementary school grades. George Hillocks' seven-level hierarchy represents an appropriate scheme by which teachers can sequentially move students to higher levels of critical thinking skills. The focus in this hierarchy is on two levels of comprehension: the literal and inferential, each with sub-levels. To illustrate this progression, works by Eloise Greenfield, an award-winning black author who has written a range of books for children, can be studied in the early grades. With the guidance of an experienced reader--the teacher--and a combination of freewriting at critical moments in the reading process followed by class discussion, the elementary school child can be given the foundation for more complex ways of viewing literature. In later grades, the student will be able to move through Hillocks' final three levels, noticing the patterns of imagery or of parallel characters, determining the work's overall meaning, and relating the structure of the text to other elements of the work. (Twelve references are attached.) (KEH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A