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ERIC Number: ED310346
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Nov
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Responses Following Sexual and Non-Sexual Assault.
Rothbaum, Barbara Olasov; And Others
Assault victims exhibit a variety of emotional responses including fear, depression, and sexual impairment. For most assault victims, these responses decline over time. This study examined the pattern of post-assault responses during the first 12 weeks and compared the pattern of responses following rape with non-sexual criminal assault reactions. Subjects included female rape victims (N=59) and male and female victims (N=37) of robbery or assault. Subjects were interviewed weekly by a mental health professional. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms, depression, anxiety, and symptoms representing responses to assault and rape were assessed. After 9 weeks, subjects were divided into those with and without PTSD. A comparison between groups revealed that the scores of the PTSD rape victims on non-PTSD symptoms such as depression diverged from those without PTSD and remained consistently elevated throughout the 12 post-rape weeks. These results suggest that post-rape reactions can be construed as PTSD and that non-sexual crime is less likely to produce PTSD than rape. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A