ERIC Number: ED310339
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Jul
A Study Comparing the Differences in the Levels of Achievement of Tenth Grade Students in One and Two Parent Homes.
Kraig, Glen M.
This study sought to determine if significant differences exist between the degree of academic achievement of 10th grade students who currently reside in one-parent/guardian homes as compared to those who reside in two-parent/guardian homes when students are grouped by sex, total family income, and ethnicity. Academic success was determined by the mean scores on the California Test of Basic Skills in the areas of total reading, total language, and total mathematics. The data were collected at Fontana High School in Fontana, California using the entire population of 10th grade students for whom test scores were available and who were enrolled in a regular English class. The results indicated that: (1) when family income was controlled, there were no significant differences in academic achievement between male and female students of white or Hispanic origin; (2) there were no significant differences in academic achievement levels for white or Hispanic students residing in one- or two-parent families; (3) family income level was a significant factor in the academic achievement of Hispanic students with the exception of females from a one-parent family; and (4) family income was a significant factor in the academic achievement of white males who resided in a two-parent family, wherein the higher income students outperformed the lower income students. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A