ERIC Number: ED310337
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Domestic Division of Labor and Its Relationship to Sex Role Orientation and Work Attitudes in Working Couples.
Gunter, Nancy C.; Gunter, B. G.
This study examined the relationship of gender, sex role orientation, and work attitudes to the domestic division of labor in 141 working couples. Couples completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory and a questionnaire on the performance of household tasks. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) confirmed that working women performed a disproportionately larger number of tasks than did men (p<.0001) and androgynous and feminine oriented individuals performed more tasks than did masculine oriented individuals (p<.05). When tasks were categorized according to frequency (daily, weekly, monthly, yearly, and variable), a multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) revealed that women performed significantly more of the daily, weekly, and variable tasks than did men (p<.01). A MANOVA indicated that women were motivated to perform more tasks than men because they believed that it was "my responsibility" or it "wouldn't get done otherwise," while men were more likely to perform tasks "to help" (p<.0001). More men than women perceived domestic tasks as "not my job" (p<.05). Career-oriented individuals were more likely to consider more tasks as "not my job" while exactly the opposite was true for job-oriented individuals (p<.05). ANOVA of degree of conflict surrounding tasks indicated that individuals who held a career orientation toward their work rather than a job orientation experienced more conflict (p<.01) and those with an androgynous orientation experienced significantly less conflict (LSD=4.89, p<.05). (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A