ERIC Number: ED310293
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Stress in the Work Environment: An Examination of Social Support and Hardiness.
Carter, David E.; Campbell, David E.
Stress in organizations continues to be of interests to researchers in industrial psychology, organizational behavior, and human resources development. This study examined the effects on stress of an individual's social support and hardiness in a work environment. Subjects were 90 employees of an industrial firm and 50 undergraduate students who worked part-time. Sixty-eight subjects (49%) completed useable questionnaires measuring stress, perceived stress, social support, and hardiness. Results showed that, for subjects receiving low levels of social support, an increase in work stress was associated with increased perceptions of stress. However, for subjects receiving high levels of social support, increasing work stress was not associated with notable increases in perceived stress. Results of this research support the theoretical concept that social support can moderate stress effects. Managers are in a position to encourage or prevent the development of social support on the job. Implications of the research can be readily applied through management action. (Five figures are included.) (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A