ERIC Number: ED310254
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Job Training Partnership Act. Services and Outcomes for Participants with Differing Needs. Report to Congressional Requesters.
General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
Since its passage, the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) has provided nearly $10 billion to state and local agencies to provide job training to unskilled and economically disadvantaged individuals who need training to obtain employment. The General Accounting Office (GAO) studied hard-to-serve JTPA participants and compared the services they received and outcomes experienced relative to less needy participants. Some of the findings of the study were the following: (1) JTPA is not targeting any particular job readiness group for enrollment in the program; (2) school dropouts were significantly underserved; (3) less job-ready individuals tended to receive less intensive services; (4) the quality of jobs received after leaving JTPA was strongly related to the skill level of training received, regardless of participants' initial job readiness status; and (5) low skill on-the-job training was often provided for excessive periods of time, resulting in a subsidy to employers rather than true job training for the participants. GAO recomended that JTPA: increase its emphasis on higher and moderate skill job training; collect data necessary to measure differences in programs associated with such training; and monitor the effect of more intensive training on the number of participants the program can serve and on program outcomes. (KC)
Descriptors: Compliance (Legal), Disadvantaged, Employment Programs, Federal Legislation, Federal Programs, Job Placement, Job Training, Outcomes of Education, Participant Characteristics, Postsecondary Education, Program Effectiveness, Program Improvement
U.S. General Accounting Office, P.O. Box 6015, Gaithersburg, MD 20877 (First five copies free; additional copies: $2.00 each; 100 or more: 25 percent discount).
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Div. of Human Resources.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Job Training Partnership Act 1982