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ERIC Number: ED310222
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Moving Into and Out of Poverty: Data from the First SIPP Panel File.
McNeil, John M.; And Others
This report examines the poverty status of persons in 1984 and 1985 using the complete panel file of the 1984 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) and compares those findings to poverty estimates based on the Current Population Survey (CPS). Although the CPS is used to obtain official estimates of persons in poverty, SIPP captures the persistence of poverty among given individuals and families. SIPP produced lower estimates than CPS for the following reasons: (1) a larger amount of transfer income is captured in SIPP; (2) negative self-employment income cannot be recorded in SIPP; and (3) complete information on any changes in household composition that might have occurred during the calendar year are included in SIPP. An investigation of time-in-sample bias in SIPP was inconclusive. The following findings are reported: (1) 11.5 percent of the population were poor in 1984, 11 percent were poor in 1985, and 8.7 percent were poor in both years; (2) 13.8 percent of the population were poor in either 1984 or 1985; (3) 19 percent were poor or near-poor in either 1984 or 1985; (4) 75 percent of those who were poor in 1984 were also poor in 1985, and 86 percent were either poor or near-poor; (5) about 2 percent of those who were non-poor in 1984 became poor in 1985, and about 4 percent became near-poor; and (6) Black or Hispanic non-poor were about twice as likely as Whites to become poor or near-poor. Nine tables of statistical data are appended. (FMW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Numerical/Quantitative Data; Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A