ERIC Number: ED310213
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Economy, Culture, Public Policy, and the Urban Underclass. A Discussion of Research on Processes and Mechanisms That Create, Maintain, or Overcome Urban Poverty.
Pearson, Robert W.
ITEMS, v43 n2 p23-29 Jun 1989
Research is examining the processes by which persistent and concentrated urban poverty is created, maintained, prevented, or overcome. This paper reports on discussion and suggestions generated in a planning meeting of the Social Science Research Council's Committee for Research on the Urban Underclass held on September 21-23, 1988. Issues explored include the following: (1) the clarification of processes and mechanisms; (2) historically proximate and distant factors; (3) factors affecting the emergence of an urban underclass; (4) an increasingly competitive international economy driving industrial and occupational change; (5) the fact that changes in labor supply and demand have ignored segments of the population, or have made alternatives to participation in the formal economy more attractive; (6) variable responses to economic, cultural, and political changes; (7) the contribution of public policies to the formation of an urban underclass; and (8) the contentious character of culture. The Committee has commissioned review and research on the following subjects: (1) alternative opportunity structures; (2) the spatial mismatch hypothesis; (3) "demand side" theories and deteriorating relative earnings; (4) a cultural approach entailing social constructions of meaning; (5) discontinuities in job histories; (6) a large survey of poor and non-poor in Boston; and (7) an employers' survey conducted in Cook County (Illinois). A list of 25 references is appended. (AF)
Descriptors: Community Problems, Economic Change, Economic Factors, Economically Disadvantaged, Labor Demands, Labor Supply, Literature Reviews, Lower Class, Poverty, Public Policy, Research Needs, Research Opportunities, Social Change, Social Isolation, Socioeconomic Influences, Urban Demography, Urban Problems
Social Science Research Council, 605 Third Avenue, New York, NY 10158.
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A