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ERIC Number: ED310148
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jun
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Holocaust--A Prototype Exercise to Measuring Thinking.
McDaniel, Ernest; Thompson, Tamra
"The Holocaust" is an exercise designed to measure thinking processes of students in grades 8 through 12. It consists of a 14-minute videotape and a four-page handout describing the destruction of the European Jews. The exercise is based on an approach to measuring thinking suggested by the work of E. A. Peel (1971). Peel maintains that the best means of observing a person's thinking ability is to ask him or her to explain a situation. To select topics for the interpretive exercises, 182 eighth graders were asked to indicate their interest in 31 topics typically covered during a history course. Both the videotape and the handout provide students with information that can be used in developing a relatively complex view of the Holocaust. Students are assessed based upon written responses to five questions that are scored on a cognitive complexity continuum based on a detailed scoring rationale. At the lower end of the continuum are "either/or" responses that provide no supporting facts, while at the upper end are responses that consider various possibilities and relate these to causal conditions. Data on "The Holocaust," plus results of the Checklist of Learning Behaviors, a Task Involvement questionnaire, and a sentence completion task, were collected from 153 eighth graders. Although the data are encouraging, they do not offer strong evidence of the validity of "The Holocaust." The questions, with scoring criteria, are appended. (TJH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A