ERIC Number: ED309906
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: N/A
Hunger and Nutrition Problems among American Indians: A Case Study of North Dakota. Hearing before the Select Committee on Hunger. House of Representatives, One Hundredth Congress, First Session (New Town, North Dakota, July 10, 1987).
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Hunger.
This document reports the oral and written testimony of 14 witnesses who discussed general health and nutrition problems among American Indians and focused on the high incidence of diabetes among North Dakota Indians. Diabetes was relatively rare among American Indians before 1940. Nearly one in three members of The Three Affiliated Tribes aged 40 or older is diabetic, according to a 1986 health report. The Three Affiliated Tribes live on the Fort Berthold Reservation in North Dakota. Much of the testimony mentioned cultural, physical, and psychological effects caused by rural resettlement of Indian tribes who were displaced by a dam construction project on the Missouri River in the 1950s. Other discussion topics included diabetes, alcoholism, diet, and general nutrition among the Indians; government and private assistance programs; and the need for new health services on the reservation. During the hearing, testimony was given by Peter Bennett, National Institutes of Health; Dr. James Brosseau, Grand Forks Clinic; Emmarine Chase, tribal elder at Fort Berthold Reservation; Raymond Cross, counsel for The Three Affiliated Tribes; Elsie I. Danks, Extended Food and Nutrition Education Program, Fort Berthold Reservation; Byron L. Dorgan (North Dakota), Mickey Leland (Texas), and Timothy J. Penny (Minnesota), members of the U.S. House of Representatives; Gretchen Chesley Lang, associate professor of cultural anthropology, University of North Dakota; Edward Lone Fight, chairman of the Council of The Three Affiliated Tribes; Sister Anna Rose Ruhland, tribal nutritionist, Fort Berthhold Reservation; Dr. Terrence Sloan, director of Aberdeen Area Indian Health Services (South Dakota); Alonzo Spang, Bureau of Indian Affairs (Fort Berthold Agency); and Dr. Herbert J. Wilson, family physician in New Town, North Dakota. This report includes charts, articles, and statistical information on diabetes and American Indian health. (TES)
Descriptors: Alcoholism, American Indian Culture, American Indian History, American Indian Reservations, American Indians, Diabetes, Federal Indian Relationship, Health Services, Hearings, Nutrition, Rural Resettlement, Special Health Problems
Superintendent of Documents, Congressional Sales Office, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402.
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Select Committee on Hunger.
Identifiers - Location: North Dakota