ERIC Number: ED309883
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Facial Expressions of Emotion and Social and Object Oriented Behavior Are Specifically Related in 6-Month-Old Infants.
Weinberg, M. Katherine; And Others
The purpose of this study was to empirically corroborate the hypothesis of Campos and Izard that the organized quality of infant emotion functions as a predominant means of communication during infancy. The study was designed to determine whether 6-month-old infants' facial expressions of emotion "systematically co-occur" with specific behaviors to form coherent affective action configurations. Participants were 50 mother-infant dyads who were videotaped during face-to-face interactions. Infants' facial expressions of emotion were coded using Izard's AFFEX system. Infants' behavior was coded for social engagement, object engagement, signals and solicitations, distress behaviors, and self-comforting. Four affective action configurations were identified. Each was characterized by particular behaviors in association with a particular facial expression. Configurations were coherently organized and significantly different from each other. These results support Campos and Izard's hypothesis. It is suggested that the affective action configurations convey different messages regarding the infants' emotional states and engagement with people and objects. Furthermore, it is suggested that the use of traditional emotional terms to label these affective action configurations may be misleading and limiting. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A