ERIC Number: ED309747
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Aug-13
Reference Count: N/A
Higher Level Distance Education and the Needs of Developing Countries.
This briefing paper addresses two questions: What are current trends in higher level distance education? and What recommendations for action have emerged from recent distance education meetings and from the literature? To identify trends, five broad areas of evolution within the field of distance education were identified: institutions; associations; collaboration; applications of technology; and databases and information networking. Recent trends include: (1) a continuing expansion of higher level distance education through establishment of new open universities and other programs; (2) greater inter-institutional and international collaboration facilitated by technology; (3) increased sharing of expertise among developing countries and among developed and developing countries; and (4) an increasing emphasis on strengthening local skills. Recommendations for action in distance education highlight the importance of three components: (1) training (creation of mechanisms, systems, and materials for training in a range of distance education operations, including planning, management, design, development, production, delivery, support, and research and evaluation); (2) information (establishment of a global network to collect, disseminate, and systematize information on all aspects of distance education); and (3) collaboration (development of systems for sharing distance learning materials and for collaborative development projects). An extensive list of references is provided. (GL)
Descriptors: Cooperative Planning, Cooperative Programs, Developing Nations, Distance Education, Educational Trends, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Human Resources, Information Needs, Information Networks, Institutional Cooperation, International Cooperation, Open Universities, Professional Development, Telecommunications
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Paris (France).
Note: A Briefing Paper for a UNESCO-ICDE (United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization/International Council for Distance Education) Round Table (Oslo, Norway, August 13, 1988).