ERIC Number: ED309611
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: N/A
The Comparative Effects of Computer-Assisted Instruction of Motivation and Achievement of Learning Disabled and Nonlearning Disabled Students.
McDermott, Paul A.; Stegemann, Jane Hessemer
This study investigated the processes by which variation in format for presenting multiplication problems influenced children's motivation and achievement. The three multiplication drill and practice instructional methods were: (1) computer-assisted instruction (CAI) with a reward game, (2) computer-assisted instruction without a reward game, and (3) paper-and-pencil. A sample of 69 fourth-grade students was classified into one of two groups, labelled achiever or underachiever, and the students were randomly assigned to one of the three instructional methods. Results indicated that both achievement and motivation were related to instructional method. When motivation was defined as amount of time the student participated in the study, the two CAI groups were more motivated than the paper-and-pencil students. When achievement was defined as the number of multiplication problems completed correctly, the group of students using CAI without a reward game achieved more than the group using CAI with a reward game. When achievement was measured by pre- and post-achievement test comparison, there were no significant effects. There were no significant interactions between method of instruction and type of achiever. (JDD)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania Univ., Philadelphia.