ERIC Number: ED309512
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Lindelow, John; And Others
Chapter 8 of a revised volume on school leadership, this chapter defines school climate and suggests ways to improve the learning environment at the school building level. School climate is defined as the feeling an individual gets from experiences within a school system. More specifically, climate is the composite of norms, expectations, and beliefs characterizing the school social system as perceived by its members. Although experts differ over measurement techniques, several systems for characterizing organizational climate (by measuring staff communication patterns) have been devised. Two helpful instruments are the Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire and the National Association of Secondary School Principals school survey. Effective schools research findings show the influence of school climate on morale and educational outcomes. As a first step to improving school climate, principals must understand the cyclical, self-perpetuating nature of organizational climate and consider their role in the change process. Numerous climate improvement models exist, including organizational development, behavior modification, the Reaching Success through Involvement Program, and school climate improvement teams. Scanning the literature for administrator-generated articles can also provide practical suggestions. (MLH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Communication (Thought Transfer), Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Improvement Programs, Morale, Organizational Climate, Organizational Development, Outcomes of Education, Principals, School Effectiveness, Student Attitudes, Student Behavior
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire