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ERIC Number: ED309474
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
The Politics and Coverage of Terror: From Media Images to Public Consciousness.
Wittebols, James H.
This paper presents a typology of terrorism which is grounded in how media differentially cover each type. The typology challenges some of the basic assumptions, such as that the media "allow" themselves to be exploited by terrorists and "encourage" terrorism, and the conventional wisdom about the net effects of the media's portrayal of each type of terrorism. The model emphasizes the amount of coverage each form of terrorism receives, the flavor or tone of the coverage, and the political effects of such coverage in influencing public opinion and consciousness. The paper discusses two types of terror: grievance terror, identified as terror which challenges power, and institutional terror, which seeks to maintain the status quo and power. The paper concludes that in assessing the net effects of the way terrorism is covered there are several dimensions: a de-emphasis and reframing of United States/state sponsored terror, the portrayal of anti-United States grievance terror as irrational and without just cause, and a siege mentality among the larger population resulting from the way news skews the coverage toward grievance terror committed against U.S./Western interests and away from terror resulting from United States government policies. Fifty-six references are appended. (MS)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A