ERIC Number: ED309355
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Stable and Unstable Characteristics of Substance Use among Adolescents.
Andrews, Judy; And Others
Cross-sectional studies have revealed many psychosocial correlates of adolescent substance use, including familial, environmental, and personality variables. In this prospective study, correlates of substance use were classified as concomitants or unstable if they covaried with substance use across time, increasing (or decreasing) when substance use was initiated, and decreasing (or increasing) when the individual quit using the substance. Variables were classified as stable if they did not covary with substance use across time. Variables were further classified as risk factors (predictive of initiation), protective factors (predictive of quitting) and/or consequences of past substance use. Data were collected from adolescents (N=651) aged 11 to 15 and their parents who completed questionnaires in two annual assessments. Parents' attitudes and adolescents perceptions of parents' attitudes were stable characteristics. In contrast, adolescents' attitudes and beliefs were classified as concomitants, changing as substance abuse changed. Parents' rules and adolescents' perceptions of these rules were classified as stable characteristics. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine (10th, San Francisco, CA, March 29-April 1, 1989).