ERIC Number: ED309339
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Children with Diabetes: Peer Status, Academic Achievement, and Behavior Problems.
Childers, Glenna J.; Carroll, James L.
While the clinical literature frequently asserts that chronic illness negatively affects children's social development, data in support of such assertions are almost without exception obtained in clinical settings from children with chronic illness and their parents, without data from the school or community environment and without control or comparison data for non-chronically ill children. This study sought to identify whether children with diabetes are less accepted by classmates than are their healthy peers. Data were gathered from teachers; 19 students with diabetes, and 19 students without diabetes; school files; and medical records. Teachers rated social skills by completing a social skills rating scale. Students completed three sociometric measures of peer status. School files were examined to obtain number of school absences and national percentile rank scores for the 1987 statewide academic achievement testing. Medical records and parent reports provided the age of onset of diabetes. The results showed that children with diabetes did not differ significantly from healthy peers when compared on three peer status variables, social skills, and academic achievement variables. Additional data are needed to determine if these results hold for a larger sample, or are only a function of inadequate power to detect true differences between groups. (ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, March 27-31, 1989).