ERIC Number: ED309328
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Attributions, Outcome Expectations, Locus of Control and Daily Hassles.
Cummins, Robert C.
Previous research has indicated that locus of control acts to moderate the effects of stressful events. In this study the role of depressive attributions, negative outcome expectancies, and internal locus of control and their interactions with minor negative events in predicting symptoms of psychological distress were examined. Subjects (N=131) were college students; a short-term longitudinal design was used. Results indicated that depressive attributions and moderately internal (rather than extremely internal) locus of control expectancies acted to buffer the effects of minor negative events. In addition, evidence was not supportive of the confluence hypothesis although the finding that expectancies of negative outcomes were related to symptoms is consistent with both the confluence hypothesis and the learned helplessness model of depression. Results indicated that, in this sample, vulnerability to stress was reduced for individuals with moderately low expectancies of control in combination with depressive attributions for past events. Although these cognitions (depressive attributions, and lower internal control expectancies) may be effective in coping with daily hassles, they may increase the risk of clinical depression if major life events, rather than daily hassles, are encountered. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southwestern Psychological Association (35th, Houston, TX, April 13-15, 1989).