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ERIC Number: ED309303
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Pages: 27
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Education and Training 16-19: Institutional Structures and Outcomes in Two English Cities.
Evans, Karen
Education and training for 16- to 19-year-olds have undergone expansion and diversification in the United Kingdom in the 1980s. In the context of high youth unemployment, the introduction by the central government of a host of vocational preparation programs has aimed to delay labor market entry for a significant proportion of 16-year-olds, while attempting to sustain motivation by providing a vocationally relevant curriculum and holding out the prospect of improved job opportunities. An examination of local education authorities (LEAs) in Swindon and Liverpool was conducted, using data from the 16-19 Initiative and related studies, and investigating institutional arrangements and structures for the education of this age group. The study found that in Swindon, the educational scheme has been changed to compulsory schooling for youth aged 11-16, with a college program for the 16- to 19-year-olds who choose to continue. In Liverpool, this reorganization has not taken place. Schools teach 11- to 18-year-olds; those students wishing to pursue vocational studies after the age of 16 usually enter one of the colleges of further education. However, in both cities, employment of 16- to 19-year-olds or their continuing education seems to have more to do with the economy than with the educational program. More 16- to 19-year-olds left school for employment in Swindon, and more were employed by age 19 than in Liverpool, where more students stayed in school longer but were unemployed at 19. (Author/KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England); United Kingdom (Liverpool)