ERIC Number: ED309215
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: N/A
Infant Mortality in Washington, D.C.: A Study of Risk Factors among Black Residents.
This report examines the determinants of the high level of infant mortality in Washington, D.C. Data were analyzed for 36,872 black resident single-delivery births occurring in the years 1980 through 1984, and 762 infant deaths occurring to these birth cohorts from 1980 to 1985. Findings were the following: (1) poor birthweight distribution among black residents, rather than high birthweight-specific mortality rates, was found to be mainly responsible for the high infant mortality rate; (2) low birthweight was found to be significantly associated with maternal age, marital status, educational attainment, socioeconomic status, prenatal care, complications during pregnancy, illness during the pregnancy, prior fetal loss, previous child death, total birth order, and interval between deliveries; (3) contrary to expectations, teenage mothers had the best pregnancy outcomes; (4) inadequate prenatal care and complications during pregnancy posed the greatest risk to black mothers; and (5) normal birthweight babies accounted for one-fourth of all black infant deaths. Statistical data are included on nine tables. The appendices comprise the following: (1) definitions and computations; (2) five supplemental tables of statistical data; and (3) a note on the quality of the statistical data. A list of 58 references is also appended. (FMW)
Descriptors: Birth Weight, Black Mothers, Blacks, Early Parenthood, Individual Characteristics, Infant Mortality, Infants, Mortality Rate, Neonates, Pregnancy, Prenatal Influences, Statistical Analysis, Urban Areas
Institute for Urban Affairs and Research, 2900 Van Ness Street, NW, Washington, DC 20008 ($6.00; 10 or more, $5.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Howard Univ., Washington, DC. Inst. for Urban Affairs and Research.
Identifiers - Location: District of Columbia