ERIC Number: ED309212
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
An Urban American Perspective on School Effectiveness: Research, Policy and Future Directions.
Pugh, Wesley C.
The school effectiveness experiences of urban public school systems in America serve as a pivotal means of developing understanding of the potential for success inherent in school improvement strategies. The school effectiveness movement began in the mid-1960s with researchers such as Coleman, Jencks, and Jensen. Aggregated quantitative data analysis was conducted on a large scale using indicators such as family background and socioeconomic status. In the 1970s the research became more qualitative. Presently administrators and management styles are the targets of research. There are new suggestions for the reallocation of federal programs and funds. A case study of Philadelphia Public Schools is presented to show the general direction of the effective schools movement over the past three decades. The future directions of school improvement initiatives in major urban districts are discussed based on an analysis of recent research findings which have indicated inconclusive results related to the implementation of school effectiveness strategies. America's public schools are facing the end of the effective schools movement. In the absence of demonstrated success, expectations of public education may have to be adjusted. A 42-item list of references is included. (VM)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Philadelphia School District, PA. Office of Research and Evaluation.