ERIC Number: ED309204
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
The Economic Progress of Black Men in America. Clearinghouse Publication 91.
O'Neill, June; And Others
This report attempts to identify and analyze the causes of the differences between the earnings and employment of black males and white males. Although the earnings gap between black and white men was substantially reduced between 1940 and 1980, black men still earn less than white men. While the relative earnings of black men has risen since 1940, their relative employment has declined. Factors that influence the earnings gap include the following: (1) discrimination; (2) education; (3) region of residence; (4) industrial sector; and (5) marital status. The report finds that while a narrowing of racial differences in worker characteristics accounts for part of the earnings convergence, other factors, including declining racial prejudice, federal civil rights policies, and unmeasured changes in employment skills, must be considered. The precise effect of civil rights policy remains undetermined. Some of the evidence attributes earnings differentials to differences in knowledge and skills acquired in school. Further research on the following issues is recommended: (1) the effect of civil rights programs; (2) black-white differentials in educational attainment; (3) declining labor force participation among younger black men; (4) upward earnings bias due to labor force withdrawal; and (5) the failure of the black-white unemployment gap to narrow. The report includes four appendices, a bibliography, 51 statistical tables, and nine figures. (AF)
Descriptors: Black Employment, Blacks, Civil Rights Legislation, Economically Disadvantaged, Education Work Relationship, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Labor Market, Males, Multivariate Analysis, Racial Differences, Racial Discrimination, Research Proposals, Salary Wage Differentials, Unemployment
United States Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC 20425.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.