ERIC Number: ED309133
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Teaching Geography in the Elementary School. ERIC Digest.
Haas, Mary E.
Geography helps one understand the physical and cultural characteristics of the world. Geographic education provides the values, knowledge, concepts, and skills to better understand ourselves, our relationship to the earth, and our interdependence with other peoples of the world. There is a great need to increase the quantity and quality of geographic education in elementary schools to overcome ignorance of geography. Place names and locations are stressed in elementary geography, as are map and globe skills and the recognition of physical landforms appearing on maps. Teachers promote the study of geography through one or more teaching strategies: personal experiences, textbooks and printed media, and interactive computer software. Most geography is taught as a part of social studies and only a small portion of the day is spent in the study of these subjects. As a result, students' concepts of geography are severely limited and sometimes non-existent. The Guidelines for Geographic Education provide help in the selection of objectives and organization of geographic knowledge for elementary students. Five geographic themes are recommended for study by students at all levels: location, place, human and environment relationships, movement, and regions. Geography instruction is necessary in elementary schools. Geographers, geographic resources, and teachers must meet at state and district-level workshops to improve instruction. Emphasis must be placed upon understanding the context and importance of the five major themes of geographic education. Teachers must be taught to emphasize questioning, analyzing, verifying, and evaluating geographic information. A 10-item bibliography is included. (GEA)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; ERIC Publications; ERIC Digests in Full Text
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Social Studies/Social Science Education, Bloomington, IN.