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ERIC Number: ED309129
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Pages: 21
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Education of Cuban Women: An Analysis of the Politics of Gender.
Hutchens, Rex R.; Chilcott, John
In pre-revolutionary Cuba, social relations between the sexes evolved from the perception that the Spanish patrifocal family was the ideal to be pursued. Rules of social conduct were founded on fundamental sexual inequality. By the early 1960's the sexually egalitarian ideals of Marxism were politically, socially, and economically imposed upon this rigid traditional sexual ethos. The consequences of this phenomenon were decidedly conflictual and the process of amelioration became a prime focus of the revolutionary Cuban leadership which sought to restructure the school system and redefine the meaning of education. This paper focuses on the use of education as an agent of directed culture change in achieving sexual equality in post-revolution Cuba. In addition to fieldwork which included observation, visits to schools and workplaces, interviewing individuals and groups such as the Committee for the Defense of the Revolution, and administering an occupational preference questionnaire to 60 adolescents for the purpose of evaluating occupational preference as a function of sex, a thorough analysis of Cuban government documents such as those on the Federation of Cuban Women, textbooks, and the literature on Cuba in U.S. libraries was performed. The literature within the subdisciplines of anthropology and education and culture change theory were reviewed in order to develop a model which could be used to analyze the fieldwork data. The model examines the place of women in four social arenas: socio-political action, schooling, work, and the family. Since the family remains a private domain, therefore, despite nearly 30 years of concerted effort, Cuba has had limited success in achieving sexual equality. Data are presented in graphs. A 12-item bibliography is included. (GEA)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Cuba