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ERIC Number: ED309023
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1988-Aug
Pages: 18
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Culture and Consciousness in the Chicano Community: An Empowerment Perspective.
Gutierrez, Lorraine
Theories of empowerment propose how individuals can increase their personal, interpersonal, and political power in order to take action to improve their lives. Empowerment requires development of a new self-concept composed of three mutually reinforcing cognitive components: (1) group identification; (2) stratum consciousness; and (3) self- and collective efficacy. This study investigates the initial development of empowerment in the Chicano community, which is composed of new immigrants and descendants of natives, English and Spanish speakers, and includes heritage- and nonheritage-oriented individuals. The empowerment process may be difficult to implement among Chicanos because of this heterogeneity. Ethnic identity is multidimensional and has two major dimensions, cultural and political. Factor and multiple classification analyses were conducted on data from the "Mexican Origin People in the United States: The 1979 Chicano Study" which drew a sample of 991 persons of Mexican descent living in the Southwest and in Chicago, Illinois. The purpose of the survey was to test three hypotheses: (1) social identity in Chicanos will take one of two forms, cultural or political; (2) cultural identity will be associated with immigrant status, Spanish dominance, lower education, and high ingroup/low outgroup contact; and (3) political identity will be associated with native born status, English dominance, higher education, and high ingroup/high outgroup contact. The first two hypotheses were supported by analyses of the data. Results of the study suggest that immigrant Chicanos may develop a sense of ethnic identity more readily and engage in the process of empowerment more easily than native born Chicanos. This paper contains 4 tables and 21 references. (ALL)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A