ERIC Number: ED309016
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Local Economic Impacts of High Technology Manufacturing in the Nonmetropolitian West. Community Economics.
Smith, Stephen M.; Barkley, David L.
Rural communities in the West have lost jobs in traditional (i.e., resource based) industries, a change that has prompted a search for new employment opportunities. High-tech manufacturing has been the focus of considerable attention because of its potential for continued rapid growth. Many high-tech industries are dispersing geographically to small urban areas and nonmetropolitan counties. The growth, employment, and decentralization characteristics of high-tech manufacturing industries indicate their potential to generate employment opportunities in nonmetropolitan economies. This report, the product of a study that surveyed 280 high-tech and 301 low-tech establishments in nonmetropolitan counties in 11 western states presents the following conclusions: (1) small towns and rural counties are not at any particular disadvantage although greater percentages of large plants and branch plants locate in metropolitan-adjacent counties; (2) high-tech plants generate as many jobs as traditional plants; (3) the structure of occupations differs between high-tech and low-tech and between branch and single unit plants; (4) high-tech plants employ higher percentages of women, concentrated in lower skilled production occupations; and (5) high-tech plants purchase a lower percentage of local nonlabor inputs than low-tech plants. Statistical data are reported in tables and graphs. A list of high technology industries is included as an appendix. This report contains 10 references. (ALL)
Descriptors: Economic Development, Economic Opportunities, Economic Progress, Manufacturing, Rural Areas, Rural Development, Rural Economics
Western Rural Development Center, Oregon State University, Ballard Extension Hall 307, Corvallis, OR 97331-3607 ($1.50).
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Western Rural Development Center, Corvallis, OR.