ERIC Number: ED308992
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989
Reference Count: N/A
Early Peer Relations: Developmental Significance and Prognostic Implications.
Hartup, Willard W.; Moore, Shirley G.
Considering developmental and prognostic implications of early peer relations, this review delineates some functions of children's relations with other children; summarizes current thinking about the interrelations between family socialization and peer socialization, especially in relation to the growth of social competence and the development of deviance; and discusses professional implications of the reviewed theories. Major sections of the paper address: (1) the nature of peer relations; (2) peer relations and risk; (3) developmental models; and (4) the role of caregivers and teachers in the development of early peer relations. A conjunctive model is advanced to account for the manner in which troubled family relations are followed by troubled peer relations, problems with self-regard, narrowed alternatives in choosing friends, and manifestations of social deviance. Social adjustment is seen as deriving from a combination or conjunction of family and peer influences. The origins of conjunctive cycles appear to exist in early childhood and require attention in program implementation and management for young children. Nearly 50 references are cited. (RH)
Descriptors: Child Caregivers, Early Childhood Education, Elementary School Teachers, Family Influence, Friendship, High Risk Persons, Individual Development, Interpersonal Competence, Literature Reviews, Models, Peer Influence, Peer Relationship, Self Esteem, Socialization, Teacher Role, Young Children
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Information Analyses; Guides - Classroom - Teacher
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Mental Health (DHHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A