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ERIC Number: ED308970
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Pages: 19
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
An Ecological Study of Changes in Student Role Strains during the Transition to Middle School.
Fenzel, L. Mickey
This study examined school-related strains that elementary school students encountered during the transition to middle school. A total of 120 students from two elementary schools completed the Early Adolescent School Role Strain Inventory during pretransition in the elementary school fifth grade, during early transition at the beginning of the middle school sixth grade, and later in the sixth grade. The inventory assessed the number and magnitude of school-related strains related to school demands, teacher relations, peer interaction, and parent control. It was hypothesized that because of differences in the characteristics of students' families, teacher expectations, and school size and location, students from one of the elementary schools would experience an easier transition to middle school in terms of changes in strain. It was also hypothesized that boys would demonstrate a more favorable strain change profile than would girls. Results of repeated measures MANOVAs provided strong support for both hypotheses. Findings suggest that elementary school preparation and gender can significantly affect the quality of the transition to middle school. The study also suggests that the role strain approach is a potentially valuable tool for assessing stress during the transition. Seven figures are included. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A