ERIC Number: ED308965
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Jun
The Nutritional Status of Low-Income Preschool Children in the United States: A Review of the Literature.
Kotch, Jonathan; Shackelford, Jo
This review of the nutritional status of low-income preschool children in the United States discusses the topic in historical perspective and details current knowledge of the nutritional status of preschoolers. Discussion first focuses on the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey II of 1976-80, and then turns to the National Food Consumption Survey of 1985 and studies of special subpopulations and of hospitalized children. Consequences of adverse nutritional status are discussed in terms of growth, health, malnutrition and infection, cognitive development, and obesity. Particular attention is given to iron deficiency. Subsequent discussion points out that nutritional status is clearly related to income. Poor children were observed to have poorer dietary intakes not in terms of the relative quality of their diets, but in terms of quantity. Other observations from five surveys revealed inadequate calcium, zinc, and vitamin A and C intakes among poor people in general and blacks in particular, and inadequate iron intakes for all income groups, particularly among blacks. Although the studies reviewed did not directly address program effects, articles that described improved nutrition status associated with participation in food programs were found. Approximately 150 references are cited. (RH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: Food Research and Action Center, Washington, DC.