ERIC Number: ED308957
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
The Primary Difference: What Makes Teaching in the Primary Grades Unique.
Van Scoy, Irma J.
Differences in teaching at primary and intermediate grade levels were investigated. Specific attention was given to differences in teacher behaviors, teacher communications, grouping, teacher control, and types of materials. Six primary classrooms and five intermediate classrooms were each observed for four 45-minute observation periods, yielding a total of 33 hours of data. In addition, observers, teachers, and five students from each of the same 11 classrooms responded to vignettes depicting classroom situations. Subjects' responses were coded for teacher behaviors, goals, and instructional methods. Analysis of observational data yielded significant differences in five of the nine hypotheses developed prior to the study. Compared with teachers in intermediate grades, primary teachers used significantly greater numbers of sanctions, procedural communications, and total teacher communications. Primary classrooms also used a greater proportion of small group instruction and concrete materials than did the intermediate. Analysis of subjects' responses to vignettes clarified these findings and added further detail. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Association on Children Under Six (Richmond, VA, April 13-19, 1989).