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ERIC Number: ED308956
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Pages: 9
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Age Differences in Sharing as a Function of Children's Ability To Estimate Time and Motivational Instructions.
Bohlmeyer, Elaine Morton; And Others
In an investigation of the relationship between sharing and children's ability to estimate time under conditions either promoting sharing or not encouraging sharing, 67 children between 65 and 140 months of age first completed a time estimation task and then engaged in a sharing task with a same-age, same-sex peer. The children were given incentives either to share or not to share. As expected, the older children were more accurate in estimating time and also shared more. More sharing occurred when there were incentives to share. Further, controlling for time estimation ability decreased the relationship between age and sharing to nonsignificance in the condition that created an incentive for sharing, but did not decrease this relationship in the condition that did not create an incentive for sharing. It is concluded that specific cognitive abilities are prerequisite for specific prosocial behaviors, but whether or not children will use these abilities is dependent upon motivational conditions. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A