ERIC Number: ED308950
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Questioning in Two Play Contexts: Mothers and Children Directing One Another.
French, Lucia; Pak, Meesook
This study investigated questions asked during two types of mother-child interaction and demonstrated ways in which mother-child dyads may structure their interactions differently in different settings. Participants were 16 first-born girls between 2.5 and 3.5 years of age who were videotaped on four occasions when they played in their home for 15 minutes. They played twice with their mother and twice with a peer. With each partner, they played once with a child-sized model kitchen, and once with an assortment of age-appropriate toys which had been selected so as not to explicitly suggest themes for dramatic play. Findings on data from the two conditions in which mothers participated indicated that differences in mothers' questioning style could be interpreted in terms of the type of play sparked by the play contexts. In the model kitchen, mothers encouraged children to take the initiative; when children did so, mothers were responsive and supportive participants, taking on roles reciprocal to those taken by the children, and making requests that allowed children to enact their roles more completely. With the assorted toys, children were frequently quite dependent on mothers; mothers responded to dependence by asking questions that directed children's activities and led them to deal successfully with demands posed by the shape box and other toys. Tables and figures are supplied. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Spencer Foundation, Chicago, IL.; National Academy of Education, Syracuse, NY.
Authoring Institution: N/A