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ERIC Number: ED308941
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1989-Apr
Pages: 22
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Early Infant Temperament: The Saliency of Positive and Negative Affect.
Coll, Cynthia Garcia; And Others
Findings from three studies that used a laboratory procedure to assess individual differences in various dimensions of infant temperament in relation to later Brazelton scores are presented. Participants included 59 healthy, full-term and sick, preterm infants. The sick, preterm infants included infants who developed respiratory or neurological complications during the perinatal period. Discussion addresses relationships between: (1) neonatal measures and behavioral observations of infant temperament; (2) medical high-risk variables and behavioral observations of infant temperament; (3) behavioral observations and concurrent parental reports; and (4) the stability of behavioral observations during infants' third through seventh months. The studies indicated that neonatal characteristics, including Brazelton behavioral scores, cry acoustic characteristics, and medical status affect infants' temperament. Both individual and group differences were observed. There was some stability in behavioral observations between 3 and 7 months of age. Magnitudes of correlations were small except for soothability. Findings suggest that a great deal of change occurs in infant temperament during the first year of life. Moderate agreement was found between parents' reports and behavioral observations; this attested to the concurrent validity of the measures. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A