ERIC Number: ED308920
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1989-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
The Case for the Community Colleges.
Cohen, Arthur M.
This paper traces the development of community colleges, analyzes their curricular functions, and discusses their contributions to the American educational system. First, several hypotheses accounting for the rise of the community college in America are summarized, including those pointing to a conspiracy of the elite, a populist alliance, and a clique of professional educators. A profile is then provided of community colleges, their students, and the forces forming the unique character of two-year colleges. The next section looks at occupational studies in the community college curriculum, focusing on two-year college students' job-related educational goals, trends in enrollments and degree awards, charges of ethnic bias in tracking students into occupational programs, high dropout rates, vocational education programs as a stepping stone to the baccalaureate, and the organization of career education as a separate curricular track. The transfer function is discussed in the next section in terms of the lack of reliable data on transfer rates, reasons for the low rates, factors influencing student progress toward the baccalaureate, aids to transfer, and statewide efforts to promote articulation. In the next section, the contributions of the community colleges are reviewed. The final sections look at the rate of return on students' investment in a community college education, college contributions to individual mobility, and the special effects of community colleges on minorities. Includes 46 references. (ALB)
Publication Type: ERIC Publications; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Junior Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.